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In 2007, the Marino Local History Society started to create our own local history videos on You Tube, simply because “no other local history group was doing it”. In 2015, our local history videos were regularly viewed in over 70 countries around the world, with an average of 40,000 views per year (6,113 minutes playing time per year).


Timeline

1970

  • March – Ireland won the Eurovision song contest for the first time.
  • May – Arms Crisis: The Minister for Finance, Charles Haughey, and the Minister for Agriculture, Neil Blaney, are asked to resign by Taoiseach Jack Lynch. He accuses them of the attempted illegal importation of arms for use by the Provisional IRA. Kevin Boland, the Minister for Local Government, resigns in sympathy with them.
  • May – Captain James Kelly, Albert Luykx and John Kelly are arrested. They are charged with conspiracy to import arms.
  •  July – Neil Blaney is cleared of arms conspiracy charges.
  •  October – Jim Lovell, Jack Swigert, and Fred Haise, survivors of the aborted Apollo 13 spaceflight to the moon, landed safely at Dublin Airport with wives Marilyn Lovell and Patt Haise.

1971

  • January – John McQuaid retired after thirty years as Roman Catholic Archbishop of Dublin. Dermot Ryan was appointed to succeed him on 29 December.
  • February – Decimalisation: Ireland and the United Kingdom both switched to decimal currency.
  • March – Crowds assembled at Dublin Airport to witness the first flight of a Boeing 747 aircraft in Ireland when Aer Lingus took delivery of its first Jumbo Jet, the Saint Columcille (registration number EI-ASI), which arrived from New York.
  • March – The giant Jumbo Jet recently arrived in Ireland flew over the Saint Patrick’s Day parade along O’Connell Street, Dublin, escorted by four smaller aircraft.
  • March – Major James Chichester-Clark resigned as Prime Minister of Northern Ireland. He was succeeded on 23 March by Brian Faulkner.
  • The Eurovision Song Contest was held in Dublin. Presented by Bernadette Ní Ghallchóir, it was the first colour television broadcast by RTÉ.
  •  April – Ten British Army soldiers were injured in rioting in Derry.
  • April – The Gaelic Athletic Association voted to lift its ban on members participating in “foreign games” such as soccer, rugby and cricket.
  • April – Two British Royal Navy survey launches moored off Baltimore, County Cork, were towed out to sea and bombed by a Provisional Irish Republican Army unit, one, theStork, being wrecked.
  • May – Seán Lemass, Taoiseach from 1959 to 1966, died in Dublin aged 71. He was active during the 1916 Easter Rising, the War of Independence and the Civil War.
  •  May – Members of the Irish Women’s Liberation Movement returned from Belfast to Dublin on the “Contraceptive Train” bringing contraceptives as a protest against the law banning their importation.
  • July – Two rioters were shot dead by British troops in Derry.
  • July – The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) announced that it was withdrawing from Stormont.
  • August – Internment without trial was introduced in Northern Ireland. Over 300 republicans were arrested in pre-dawn raids by British security forces and interned in Long Keshprison. Some Loyalists were later arrested. Twenty people died in riots that followed, including eleven in the Ballymurphy Massacre.
  • August – British troops began clearing operations in Belfast following the worst rioting in years. Taoiseach Jack Lynch called for an end to the Stormont administration.
  • September – The death toll in The Troubles reached 100 after three years of violence, with the death of 14-year-old Annette McGavigan, who was fatally wounded by a gunshot in crossfire between British soldiers and the IRA.
  • September – A rally took place in Dublin in support of a campaign of civil disobedience in Northern Ireland.
  • September – Prime ministers Edward Heath, Jack Lynch, and Brian Faulkner met at Chequers to discuss the Northern Ireland situation.
  • October – The British Army began to destroy roads between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland as a security measure.
  • October – Two women were shot dead by soldiers in Belfast as their car failed to stop at a checkpoint.
  • A IRA bomb exploded at the top of the Post Office Tower in London.
  • The Standard Time (Amendment) Act, 1971 reversed the main provision of the Standard Time Act 1968, returning Irish winter time to UTC+0 (Western European Time).
  • November – The government defeated a motion of no confidence in Jim Gibbons.
  • November – Neil Blaney and Paudge Brennan were expelled from the Fianna Fáil parliamentary party.
  • December – The McGurk’s Bar bombing, carried out by the Ulster Volunteer Force in Belfast, killed 15 people, the highest death toll from a single incident in the city during “the Troubles”
  • February – Decimalisation: Ireland and the United Kingdom both switched to decimal currency.

1972

  •  January – Dr. Mc Quaid retired after thirty five years as Archbishop of Dublin, the following year he died. He was close friend of deValera.
  • November – Archbishop Dermot Ryan attended a service at Christ Church Cathedral, he was the first first Archbishop to do so since the reformation
  • January – Bloody Sunday: Thirteen unarmed civilians were shot dead in Derry as British soldiers opened fire on a banned civil rights march.
  •  July – Muhammad Ali beat Alvin Lewis in a technical knockout during the 11th round of a boxing match at Croke Park.
  •  December – President Éamon de Valera signed documents covering Ireland’s entry into the EEC.

1973

January – Ireland joins the European Economic Community (EEC) along with Britain and Denmark.

1974

  • January – Dublin hit by the worst storm in 71 years. Winds were recorded of up to 180 kilometers per hours. Two people died
  • February- Dublin bin men go on strike for several weeks. The strike finally ended in March 74′
  • March – Seven sets of Traffic lights are erected in O’Connell Street.
  • April – Nineteen Old Master paintings from the Beit collection are stolen from Russborough House by a Provisional Irish Republican Army gang including English heiress Rose Dugdale.
  •  June – Éamon de Valera retires from office aged 90. He travels to Boland’s Mills where he was positioned during the Easter Rising. The motorcade then proceeds to Talbot Lodge nursing home in Blackrock where he will spend his retirement. Erskine H. Childers is inaugurated as the fourth President of Ireland. After the ceremony at Dublin Castle he inspects a guard of honour and travels through Dublin.
  • May – Dublin and Monaghan bombings: Thirty-three civilians are killed and almost 300 wounded in four car bomb explosions in Dublin and Monaghan in the Republic of Ireland by the Ulster Volunteer Force, the highest number of casualties in any one day during The Troubles. The UVF is widely suspected of receiving technical assistance from British security forces.
  • November – Powerscourt House in Enniskerry is destroyed by fire.
  • November – President Erskine Childers, fourth President of Ireland, dies suddenly aged 69. He has served less than 17 months of his seven-year term.
  • December – Seán MacBride is presented with the Nobel Prize for Peace.
  •  December – Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh is sworn in as the fifth President of Ireland.

1975

  • January–June – Ireland holds the Presidency of the Council of the European Union for the first time.
  • January – Sinéad Bean de Valera dies in Dublin aged 96.
  • January – Charles Haughey is brought back onto the Fianna Fáil front bench.
  • March – Pierre Trudeau, the prime minister of Canada, pays a brief visit to Ireland and bilateral talks are held at Dublin Castle.
  • April – Mary Immaculate College, Limerick, and Our Lady of Mercy College, Carysfort, become recognised colleges of the National University of Ireland.
  • June – Danny O’Hare is made acting director of the National Institute for Higher Education, Dublin; a day later, the governing body first meets.
  • July – Miami Showband killings: Three members of The Miami Showband, together with two paramilitaries, are killed in a Ulster Volunteer Force ambush in County Down as they return home to Dublin from playing at a dance in Banbridge.
  • August – Former revolutionary, Taoiseach, and President of Ireland, Éamon de Valera dies in Dublin aged 92. The government announces a day of mourning.
  • October – Dutch industrialist and Limerick factory owner Tiede Herrema is kidnapped.
  • October – Oliver Plunkett, the 17th-century Archbishop of Armagh, is canonised by Pope Paul VI in Rome.
  • October – Tiede Herrema is located with his kidnappers in Monasterevin, County Kildare.
  • November – The Tiede Herrema kidnap siege ends.
  • December – George Best plays a League of Ireland match for Cork Celtic against Drogheda.
  • December – Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh is sworn in as the fifth President of Ireland.

1976

  • January Former Taoiseach, John A. Costello, dies in Dublin aged 84.
  • March – The Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention is formally dissolved, resulting in direct rule of Northern Ireland by the Government of the United Kingdom in London.
  • March – Taoiseach Liam Cosgrave and Mrs Cosgrave are greeted by President Gerald Ford and Mrs Betty Ford at the White House.
  • March – “Sallins Train Robbery”: A large quantity of money is stolen from a CIÉ train at Sallins, County Kildare.
  • April – The last passenger train runs on the Limerick-Claremorris line ending an 80-year-north-south link along the western seaboard.
  • May – Tim Severin in the boat Brendan sets off from Dingle to America, tracing the route of the legendary 6th-century Irish monk Brendan.
  • June – The highest temperature record in Ireland this century, 32.5C (90.5F) at Boora, Offaly. The highest on record was in 1887.
  • July – Four prisoners escape when bombs explode in the Special Criminal Court, Dublin.
  • July – Christopher Ewart-Biggs, UK ambassador, and a civil servant, Judith Cooke, are killed by a landmine at Sandyford, Co. Dublin.
  • October – President Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh resigns following the ‘thundering disgrace’ remark from the Minister for Defence, Paddy Donegan.
  • October – A new £5 note is introduced with the image of the 9th-Century philosopher Johannes Scotus Eriugena.
  • November – National Peace Day is marked with marches, church services and bell ringing.
  • December – Patrick Hillery is inaugurated as the sixth President of Ireland in St. Patrick’s Hall, Dublin Castle.
  • December – Betty Williams and Mairead Corrigan win the Nobel Peace Prize.

 1978

  • January – The European Court of Human Rights finds Britain guilty of inhuman and degrading treatment of republican internees in Northern Ireland.
  • January – The Fianna Fáil government dismisses the Garda Commissioner Edmund Garvey. No explanation is given.
  • January – Johnny Giles resigns as manager of the Republic of Ireland national football team.
  • March – The state funeral of former President Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh takes place in Sneem, County Kerry.
  • March – 6,000 people march through Dublin to Wood Quay to protest against the building of civic offices on the Viking site.
  • June – David Cook of the Alliance Party becomes the first non-unionist Lord Mayor of Belfast.
  • August – Over 5,000 people take part in a rally against a nuclear power station at Carnsore Point, County Wexford.
  • September – Dublin Institute of Technology is created on an ad hoc basis by the City of Dublin Vocational Education Committee.
  • November – Ireland’s second national television channel, RTÉ 2, opens with a live broadcast from the Cork Opera House.
  • November – Cork Regional Hospital officially opens in Cork.

 1979

  • January – The lowest temperature recorded in Ireland in the 20th century, -18.8C (-1.8F) at Lullymore, Co. Kildare. (The lowest on record was in 1881.)
  • January – Whiddy Island Disaster: Fifty are killed when an explosion destroys the French oil tanker Betelgeuse at the Gulf Oil terminal on Whiddy Island in Bantry Bay.
  • March – Legendary hurler Christy Ring is buried in Cork.
  • March – PAYE workers across the country take to the streets to protest against the tax system.
  • March – A huge anti-PAYE demonstration is held in Dublin.
  • March – The Republic of Ireland ends its pound’s parity with sterling on joining the European Monetary System.
  • April – Patrick McGilligan, the last surviving member of the first government celebrates his 90th birthday in Dublin.
  • May – Petrol shortages due to crisis in the Middle East cause long delays in Ireland.
  • June – Protesters opposed to the building of civic offices on the site of Viking excavations in Wood Quay, Dublin, occupy the area.
  • June – European Parliament election, the first direct election to the European Parliament, in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.
  • June – Aer Lingus’s first female pilot, Gráinne Cronin, gets her wings.
  • July – In Crossmaglen, County Armagh, Gaelic Athletic Association supporters parade silently in protest against the British Army’s commandeering of part of the local football pitch. Former Gaelic Athletic Association president Con Murphy addresses the crowd.
  • August – The first group of Vietnamese refugees arrives in Ireland.
  • August – British Admiral Lord Mountbatten of Burma, and two 15-year-olds, his nephew and boatboy Paul Maxwell, are killed by a bomb planted on his boat in County Sligo where he is holidaying, the Dowager Lady Brabourne dying the following day of injuries received.
  • August – The Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) blow up 18 British soldiers with 2 bombs in the Warrenpoint ambush.
  • September – Pope John Paul II arrives at Dublin Airport for a three-day visit to Ireland. 1.25 million people, just over one-quarter of the population, welcome him at a special mass in the Phoenix Park. Later in the day His Holiness speaks to 200,000 people at Drogheda, County Louth. The Pope returns to Dublin in the evening where an estimated 750,000 people witness his motorcade travel through the city.
  • September – Pope John Paul II addresses 285,000 people at a youth rally in Galway, before travelling to Knock, County Mayo where a further 300,000 people hear him speak. He also visits Clonmacnoise and Galway.
  • October – On the final day of his visit Pope John Paul II visits the Nunciature at Maynooth College and celebrates mass before 400,000 people in Limerick. The pope then leaves Shannon Airport for Boston in the United States.
  • November – In Dublin, IRA member Thomas McMahon is sentenced to life imprisonment for the assassination of Lord Mountbatten.
  • November – Taoiseach Jack Lynch greets European Economic Community heads of government as they arrive for a summit meeting at Dublin Castle.
  • December – Jack Lynch announces his resignation as Taoiseach and leader of Fianna Fáil. He has led the party for thirteen years, spending nine as Taoiseach.
  • December – Charles Haughey is elected leader of the Fianna Fáil Party.
  • December
  • Charles Haughey is elected Taoiseach by Dáil Éireann.
  • Máire Geoghegan-Quinn is appointed Minister for the Gaeltacht, the first woman to hold an Irish cabinet post since the government of the 1st Dáil.
  • December – 1979 has been the worst year ever for industrial disputes in Ireland, costing the economy over 1,460,000 working days this year.

 1980

  • January – Charles Haughey addresses the nation by television on the matter of its worsening finances.
  • March – CIÉs first bus lane comes into operation on Parliament Street in Dublin.
  • April – Johnny Logan wins the Eurovision Song Contest for Ireland with the song “What’s Another Year”.
  • May – The Derrynaflan Chalice is discovered in a bog.
  • August – Eighteen people die in the Buttevant Rail Disaster.
  • August – Ten people die in the Central Hotel Fire, Bundoran.
  • September – China’s first Ambassador to Ireland, Madame Gong Pusheng, arrives in Dublin.
  • October – Justice Mella Carroll is the first woman to reach the position of High Court Judge.
  • October – Over 2,000 people take part in the first RTÉ Radio 2 Dublin City Marathon.
  • November – The controversial Health (Family Planning) Act, 1979 comes into operation, permitting the provision of contraceptives by prescription.
  • November – National Institute for Higher Education, Dublin, admits its first students to the college, a total of two hundred.
  • December – Taoiseach Charles Haughey meets with the British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher at Dublin Castle. It is the first visit by a British prime minister since independence.
  • 19 December – Former Taoiseach Jack Lynch is conferred with the freedom of his native city, Cork.
  • The Wicklow Way is designated as the first waymarked long-distance walking trail in Ireland.
  • W. A. McCutcheon’s official survey The Industrial Archaeology of Northern Ireland is published.

1981

  •  February – Attacks on shipping in Lough Foyle (1981-1982): Liverpool-registered coal ship Nellie M was bombed and sunk by a Provisional Irish Republican Army unit using a hijacked pilot boat in Lough Foyle.
  • February – Forty-eight young people died in a fire at the Stardust Ballroom in Artane, Dublin.
  • March – Bobby Sands began a hunger strike in the Maze Prison (Long Kesh) near Lisburn (Northern Ireland).
  • March – The petrol strike ended when 800 tanker drivers resumed work.
  • April – Hunger striker Bobby Sands was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Fermanagh and South Tyrone in the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
  • May – Aer Lingus Flight 164, a Boeing 737 en route from Dublin to London was hijacked and ordered to fly to Tehran. The flight was diverted to Paris and the hijacker, Laurence Downey, was arrested.
  • May – Bobby Sands died on the 66th day of his hunger strike in the Maze Prison.
  • May – Francis Hughes, previously the most wanted man in the North, died on the 59th day of his hunger strike in the Maze Prison.
  • May – Raymond McCreesh and Patsy O’Hara both died on the 61st day of their hunger strike in the Maze Prison.
  • June – Irish general election, 1981. Fianna Fáil lost seats and a Fine Gael–Labour Party coalition government was formed. Kieran Doherty, on hunger strike in the Maze Prison, was elected Teachta Dála (TD) for Cavan–Monaghan.
  • June – Fine Gael leader Garret FitzGerald was elected Taoiseach as the 22nd Dáil Éireann assembled.
  • July – Provisional Irish Republican Army member Joe McDonnell died on the 61st day of his hunger strike.
  • August – Irish National Liberation Army member Kevin Lynch died on the 71st day of his hunger strike in the Maze Prison.
  • August – Kieran Doherty, TD, died on the 73rd day of his hunger strike in the Maze Prison.
  • September – The Irish Sugar Company announced that it was to close its factory in Tuam, County Galway.
  • December – Penlee lifeboat disaster: The Arklow-bound, Dublin-registered Union Star was lost on its maiden voyage off Cornwall. Sixteen lives were lost, eight from the Union Star and eight from RNLB Solomon Browne who died while attempting rescue.
  • 27 December – Supporters of the Society for the Protection of Unborn Children marched in Dublin to demand a referendum for an anti-abortion amendment to the Constitution.
  • The Green Party (Ireland) was founded as the Ecology Party of Ireland by Dublin teacher Christopher Fettes.

1982

  • January – Kildare TD, Charlie McCreevy, was expelled from the Fianna Fáil parliamentary party for criticising Charles Haughey.
  • January – Garret FitzGerald’s Fine Gael-Labour government was defeated 82–81 on its budget; the 22nd Dáil was dissolved.
  • February – Corporal punishment was banned in schools.
  • February – General election: Fianna Fáil was the largest party.
  • March – 23rd Dáil assembled; Charles Haughey was elected Taoiseach.
  • March – The country’s first crematorium was officially opened at Glasnevin Cemetery in Dublin.
  • April – James Prior launched ‘rolling devolution’ for Northern Ireland.
  • April – Work began on the Cork–Dublin natural gas pipeline.
  • May – The Government affirmed its neutrality in the Falklands conflict between the United Kingdom and Argentina, and opposed European Economic Community sanctions against Argentina (as did Italy).
  • May – Seamus Mallon of the Social Democratic and Labour Party was appointed to Seanad Éireann.
  • May – 20,000 people across the country marched in protest at income tax and Pay Related Social Insurance changes.
  • July – The Irish Republican Army killed ten servicemen in bomb attacks in Hyde Park and Regent’s Park in London.
  •  August – The Attorney General Patrick Connolly resigned after a wanted double-murderer was found staying on his property; the ensuing scandal was later described as being “grotesque, unbelievable, bizarre and unprecedented” by Taoiseach Charles Haughey.
  • September – Ireland mourned the death of Princess Grace of Monaco, the Irish American former film actress Grace Kelly.
  • October – Taoiseach Charles Haughey won a majority of 58 votes to 22 in an open ballot on Charlie McCreevy’s motion of no confidence in his leadership.
  • October – Cork Airport celebrated its 21st birthday. The airport had yet to make a profit.
  • October – Polling took place in the Northern Ireland Assembly election. Sinn Féin won its first five seats in the Assembly, with Gerry Adams representing Belfast West.
  • November – Former leader of the Labour Party, Michael O’Leary, joined the Fine Gael Party.
  • November – The government lost a confidence motion in the Dáil by 82 votes to 80. President Hillery dissolved the 23rd Dáil.
  • November – General election: Fine Gael was the largest party.
  • December – Grafton Street in Dublin officially opened as a pedestrianised street.
  • December – Patrick Hillery was installed as President of Ireland for a second term.
  • December – Ballykelly disco bombing: The Irish National Liberation Army killed seventeen people in a bomb attack at the Droppin Well Inn, Ballykelly, County Londonderry.
  • December – The 24th Dáil assembled; Garret FitzGerald was elected Taoiseach.
  • Undated event: Rice Bridge replaced Redmond Bridge in Waterford City.

1983

  • January – The government confirmed that the Garda Síochána bugged politicians’ and journalists’ telephones.
  • February – A motion calling for the resignation of Charles Haughey as leader failed after a 12-hour Fianna Fáil meeting.
  • February – The racehorse Shergar was kidnapped from Ballymany Stud in County Kildare.
  • April – The inaugural meeting of Aosdána, an affiliation of creative artists, took place in the Old Parliament Building in Dublin.
  • April – Two thousand people demonstrated in Dublin against the proposed Pro-Life Amendment Bill (abortion).
  • May – The funeral took place of former Tánaiste, Frank Aiken.
  • May – The Bushmills Distillery in County Antrim celebrated its 350th anniversary.
  • May – A Mexican jet stranded for five weeks at Mallow Racecourse departed.
  • May – The inaugural meeting of the New Ireland Forum took place at Dublin Castle.
  • June – Gerry Adams of Sinn Féin was elected the new MP for West Belfast.
  • September – The referendum on the constitutional amendment in relation to abortion was carried by a two-to-one majority.
  • September – Leading politicians paid tribute to former Tánaiste George Colley as he was buried.
  • September – Maze Prison escape: 38 Provisional Irish Republican Army prisoners with arms escaped from HM Prison Maze in County Antrim.
  • October – The Concorde supersonic airliner paid its first visit to Dublin Airport. The landing of the Air France plane was watched by a large crowd of people on the terminal building observation deck.
  • October – The first stretch of motorway in the Republic of Ireland was opened – the 8 kilometre Naas bypass on the N7 national primary route.
  • November – Quinnsworth supermarket executive Don Tidey was kidnapped outside his home in Dublin.
  • December – President Patrick Hillery was elected unopposed to his last seven-year term of office.
  • December – Don Tidey was rescued in County Leitrim

1984

  • January
    • The Department of Posts and Telegraphs split into An Post and Telecom Éireann.
    • Galway City began celebrations marking its mayoral status granted by King Richard III in 1484.
  • January – Seán MacEntee, founder member of Fianna Fáil and former Tánaiste, died aged 94. He was the last surviving member of the First Dáil.
  • January – Ann Lovett, aged 15, died after giving birth to a baby boy in a grotto in Granard, County Longford. Reporting of this incident on The Gay Byrne Show uncovered many stories from listeners of rape, abortion and sexual abuse.
  • March – Sinn Féin MP Gerry Adams was shot and wounded in Belfast.
  • May – The New Ireland Forum published its report presenting three possibilities for discussion: a unitary Irish state, a federal/confederal state and joint sovereignty.
  • May – The village of Ballyporeen, County Tipperary prepared for the visit of U.S. President Ronald Reagan.
  • June – United States President Ronald Reagan arrived at Shannon Airport to begin a state visit.
  • June – Ronald Reagan was at Galway, Ballyporeen, and the Phoenix Park.
  • June – Ten thousand people protested outside Ronald Reagan’s state banquet in Dublin Castle.
  • June – Ronald Reagan addressed a joint session of the houses of the Oireachtas.
  • June – European Parliament elections were held in Ireland and Northern Ireland.
  • July – Columban missionary Fr. Niall O’Brien, who was imprisoned in the Philippines, was released.
  • July – Some workers in Dunnes Stores in Henry Street, Dublin refused to handle South African produce as a protest against apartheid.
  • July – The Dublin Area Rapid Transit (DART) rail service between Howth and Bray was inaugurated.
  • September – The Dublin telephone system collapsed due to network overload as a result of a phone-in competition on an illegal radio station.
  • October – The University of Ulster was presented with a Royal Charter by Elizabeth II.
  • October – In Dublin, women workers in Dunnes Stores, who have been on strike for the past 11 weeks in support of a dispute over the handling of South African fruit, began a sit-in at the store.
  • ctober – The Irish Republican Army killed five people in a bomb attack at the Grand Hotel in Brighton during the British Tory Party annual conference, narrowly missing Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.
  • October – The Brother Edmund Ignatius Rice Bridge over the River Suir in Waterford was opened to road traffic.
  • November – The RTÉ Radio current affairs programme, Morning Ireland, was broadcast for the first time.
  • November – Irish Shipping Limited was placed in liquidation
  • November – RTÉ Television’s first newsreader, Charles Mitchel, delivered his final news bulletin.
  • December – European Economic Community heads of government visited President Hillery and Mrs. Hillery at Áras an Uachtaráin.
  • December – The most sophisticated naval vessel ever built in the country, the £25 million LÉ Eithne, was commissioned at the Haulbowline naval base.
  • The Ford motor car and Dunlop tyre factories in Cork closed.
  • First stage of new Rice Bridge in Waterford open.

1985

  • January – Cork celebrated 800 years as a chartered city.
  • February – Former minister Desmond O’Malley was expelled from the Fianna Fáil Party.
  • February – The IRA killed nine Royal Ulster Constabulary officers in a mortar attack at Newry station.
  • March – Bob Geldof was honoured for his overseas aid efforts at a civic reception in the Mansion House.
  • March – The Health (Family Planning) (Amendment) Act allowed the sale of condoms and spermicides to adults without prescriptions.
  • March – Gaisce – The President’s Award was created by a trust deed under the patronage of the President of Ireland.
  • March – The Ireland national rugby union team won the Triple Crown and Five Nations Championship at Lansdowne Road. They beat England 13–10.
  • April – Dennis Taylor won the Embassy World Snooker Championship.
  • May – The Minister for Education, Gemma Hussey, announced a new £20 million project to create the transition year in post-primary schools.
  • June – Air India Flight 182, a Boeing 747, crashed into the sea 190 kilometres south-west of the Irish coast as the result of a bomb thought to have been planted by theKhalistan movement.
  • July – The Live Aid charity concert was organised by Bob Geldof in London. Ireland was the highest per-capita donor country.
  • July – At Ballinspittle, County Cork, two women claimed to have seen a statue of the Virgin Mary move. The grotto became a pilgrimage site.
  • July – Thousands flocked to Ballinspittle where a statue of the Virgin Mary was claimed to have moved miraculously.
  • September – Spike Island Jail in County Cork was left in ruins following a riot by prisoners.
  • September – The first heart transplant in Ireland was performed.
  • September – President Hillery presented Bob Geldof with a cheque for £7 million as the Irish contribution to the Live Aid appeal.
  • September – Pleasure trawler Taurima, owned by Charles Haughey, was wrecked near Mizen Head lighthouse.
  • October – The first commercial flight departed from the new Knock Airport.
  • November – Taoiseach, Garret FitzGerald, and the British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, signed the Anglo-Irish Agreement at Hillsborough Castle, County Down.
  • November – Mary Harney was expelled from the Fianna Fáil parliamentary party over her support of the Anglo-Irish Agreement.
  • December – Desmond O’Malley founded the Progressive Democrats party.

1986

  • January – The national offices of the Progressive Democrats were officially opened.
  • January – Phil Lynott, the lead singer of Thin Lizzy, died aged 35.
  • February – Ireland’s new football team manager, Jack Charlton, arrived in Dublin.
  • March – Irish citizenship was conferred on Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, Tip O’Neill, for inspiring constitutional nationalists to launch an initiative for a new Ireland.
  • March – President Hillery and Mrs. Hillery started a four-day official visit to Austria. This was the first Irish state visit there.
  • May – Radiation from the devastated Chernobyl nuclear reactor in the Ukraine reached Ireland.
  • May – The Divorce Action Group launched its campaign for the forthcoming divorce referendum.
  • May – Eighteen Old Master paintings from the Beit collection were stolen from Russborough House by Martin “The General” Cahill.
  • May – Knock Airport, County Mayo was officially opened.
  •  June – John Stalker was removed from the ‘shoot to kill’ inquiry.
  • June – Two giant pandas, Ming Ming and Ping Ping, arrived at Dublin Zoo.
  • June – An anti-divorce rally took place in Dublin.
  • June – Across the country, counting began in the Divorce Referendum. Tallymen predicted a strong ‘no’ vote.
  • August – The deputy leader of the Democratic Unionist Party, Peter Robinson MP, was arrested and charged with illegal assembly, after a loyalist mob took over a village inCounty Monaghan.
  • October – Thirteen-year-old Philip Cairns disappeared on his way back to school after lunch.
  • December – Dublin Airport was open for the first time on a Christmas Day.
  • December – At the United States Embassy in Dublin, visa applications rose by 25%. 30,000 people emigrated during 1986.

1987

  • January – Labour Party ministers resign from the government over a disagreement over budget proposals.
  • February – A general election returns a Fianna Fáil minority government with Charles Haughey as Taoiseach.
  • March – Former Taoiseach Dr. Garret FitzGerald resigns the leadership of Fine Gael. He is succeeded by Alan Dukes.
  • March – The Irish National Lottery is launched.
  • March – The National Lottery launches its first scratch cards.
  • May – The British SAS kills eight IRA members and a civilian in an ambush at Loughgall, County Tyrone.
  • May – Johnny Logan wins the Eurovision Song Contest for Ireland with his own composition Hold Me Now, making him the only person to have won the competition twice as a performer.
  • May – Voters go to the poll in the referendum on the Single European Act. Nearly 70% vote in favour of the 10th amendment to the constitution.
  • July – Stephen Roche wins the Tour de France.
  • November – Remembrance Day bombing: Eleven civilians are killed by an IRA bomb during a Remembrance Day service in Enniskillen.
  • November – The funeral takes place in Dublin of the broadcaster Eamonn Andrews.
  • November – Beaumont Hospital, Dublin, opens to patients.
  • December – Downpatrick & Ardglass Railway begins public operation, the first Irish gauge heritage railway in Ireland.

1988

  • January – SDLP leader, John Hume and Gerry Adams of Sinn Féin, have a surprise meeting in Belfast.
  • March – Operation Flavius: A Special Air Service team of the British Army shoots dead a Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) Active Service Unit (Danny McCann, Seán Savage and Mairéad Farrell, unarmed at the time) in Gibraltar.
  • March – It is agreed that a millennium fountain called the Anna Livia Fountain is to be built on O’Connell Street in Dublin.
  • March – Milltown Cemetery attack: Three men are killed and 70 are wounded in a gun and grenade attack by loyalist paramilitary Michael Stone on mourners at Milltown Cemetery in Belfast during the funerals of the three IRA members killed in Gibraltar.
  • March
    • Corporals killings in Belfast: Two British Army corporals are abducted, beaten and shot dead by Irish republicans after driving into the funeral cortège of IRA members killed in the Milltown Cemetery attack.
    • 5,000 people turn out for an anti-apartheid rally at the GPO in Dublin.
  • March – Tributes are paid to Aran Islands-born poet Máirtín Ó Direáin at his funeral in Dublin.
  • April – The Irish National Lottery launches its national live draw.
  • June – The IRA kills six British soldiers in a bomb attack in Lisburn.
  • June – The Royal Canal officially reopens for leisure purpose between Leixlip and Maynooth.
  • July – Dublin celebrates its official 1,000th birthday.
  • July – Nelson Mandela, the jailed anti-apartheid leader, is awarded the freedom of the City of Dublin.
  • August – The Department of Health launches an information booklet as the number of AIDS cases increases dramatically.
  • August – Leopardstown Racecourse celebrates its 100th birthday.
  • September – Archbishop Thomas Morris resigns as Archbishop of Cashel and is replaced by Dermot Clifford.
  • October – A tax amnesty brings in over £500 million.
  • October – The Independent Radio and Television Commission is established to regulate radio and television services outside the RTÉ umbrella.
  •  October – The case of Norris v. Ireland is decided by the European Court of Human Rights, ruling the existence of laws in the Republic of Ireland criminalising consensual gay sex to be illegal.
  • November – Minister for Finance Ray MacSharry is appointed Ireland’s new EC Commissioner.
  • Gay and Lesbian Equality Network established in Dublin.

1989

  • January — Dundalk, County Louth celebrated its 1200 year heritage.
  • February — Belfast solicitor Pat Finucane was shot dead by loyalists,
  • March — Three Irish soldiers on United Nations duty were killed in a landmine explosion in southern Lebanon.
  • April — Belfast-born Alex Higgins beat Stephen Hendry to win the British Benson and Hedges snooker championship.
  • May — At a meeting in Malahide Castle between Taoiseach Charles Haughey and visiting Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega, Haughey promised Ortega support at theEuropean Council of Ministers for aid and investment for his country despite an earlier telephone call from U.S. secretary of state James Baker urging Haughey to take a tough position against Ortega over democratic standards in Nicaragua.
  • June — An order was signed creating the University of Limerick, the first university founded since the foundation of the state; later in the day Dublin City University was created.
  • June — Charles Haughey resigned as Taoiseach, remaining on in a caretaker capacity.
  • August — Ten thousand people marched from Dublin city centre to the British Embassy calling for British withdrawal from Northern Ireland.
  • 19 October — Three of the Guildford Four were released in London. Paul Hill was immediately re-arrested.
  • 21 December — Aer Rianta’s five millionth passenger was presented with a holiday to Florida.

1990

  • January – The Northern Ireland Fair Employment Act becomes law.
  • April – There is all-party support for the Criminal Justice Bill to abolish capital punishment for all offences and replaces it with lengthy prison sentences (although in practice the penalty for murder has always been commuted in the Republic after 1954).
  • April – The Labour Party selects Mary Robinson as its candidate in the presidential election.
  • June – Republic of Ireland national football team begin their World Cup campaign with a 1-1 draw against England in Cagliari. Kevin Sheedy scores for the Republic, with Gary Lineker scoring for England.
  • June – The Republic’s World Cup campaign continues with a goalless draw against Egypt.
  • June – Circulation begins of the IR£1 coin as a replacement for the note of the same denomination.
  • June – The Republic complete their group stage unbeaten and reach the last 16 of the World Cup with a 1-1 draw against Holland.
  • June – The Republic reach the World Cup quarter-finals by beating Romania on penalties after a goalless draw in the last 16 tie in Genoa.
  • June – The Republic’s World Cup bid ends with a quarter-final defeat by hosts Italy in Rome.
  • July – Deputy President of the ANC, Nelson Mandela, addresses a joint session of both houses of the Oireachtas.
  • July – The Criminal Justice Act abolishes capital punishment for all offences and replaces it with lengthy prison sentences.
  • July – The IRA kills three policemen and a nun in a bomb attack near Armagh.
  • August – Brian Keenan is released after 1574 days in captivity in Beirut.
  • September – Janet Catterall becomes the first woman in the Republic of Ireland to be ordained as a priest in the Church of Ireland.
  • 28 September – Centenary of People’s Park, Dún Laoghaire, celebrated
  • 24 October – The IRA kills six soldiers and a civilian in proxy bomb attacks at Derry and Newry.
  • 25 October – Presidential candidate Brian Lenihan denies that he tried to contact President Hillery to stop the dissolution of the Dáil in 1982. This is in spite of a taped interview where he confirms that he did.
  • 31 October – Tánaiste and Minister for Defence Brian Lenihan is dismissed from the government over the telephone call controversy.
  • 9 November – Mary Robinson is elected the seventh President of Ireland.
  • 3 December – Mary Robinson is inaugurated as President of Ireland. Patrick Hillery bows out after 14 years as Head of State.
  • The pro-cathedral in Ennis is rededicated as a cathedral.

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